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The following is a list of the most common native plants found on our property.

Englemann Oak - Quercus engelmannii Greene

engel.jpg (46440 bytes)The Englemann Oak is another rare species found on our ranch. Its range is limited to Southern California and it is considered by many to be endangered. It grows from 20 to 50 ft. and can live up to 200 years old. It is considered deciduous but foliage may persist during winter. It is considered fire tolerant and is most often found in the foothills below 4,000 ft in elevation. For more information on Southern California oaks see - .

Cuyamaca Cypress -cypress2.jpg (83552 bytes)This species of Cypress grows in only one location in the world, on the Southwest face of Mount Cuyamaca. Ours is located along the road at the south east entrance to the property. It is a small tree or shrub growing to 20 ft. with cherry red bark and green foliage. According to  Bryan Dillow of the California Native Plants WebSite, "I have found the Cuyamaca Cypress identified as Cupressus arizonica var.stephensonii from one source and as Cupressus stephensonii in the CNPS Inventory of Rare and Endangered Plants of California.  The latter source says that it is known from only two occurrences near Cuyamaca Peak.  The CNPS lists it as 1B which is one step away from extinction due to low numbers and vulnerable habitat."

Fremontia - Fremontodendron californicum fremntlg.jpg (136093 bytes)Needs excellent drainage and is best growing on hillsides.  It is very drought tolerant which explains why it grows on our ranch.   Native to foothills of Sierra Nevada and Southern California mountains.   Yellow flowers bloom in may through June.


Coffee Berry - Rhamnus californica coffelg.jpg (52499 bytes) Grows under dry conditions in canyons. coastal and slope habitats.   Native to southwest Oregon, California, Arizona, New Mexico.


Poison Oak - Rhus diversiloba poaklg.jpg (64186 bytes)This is one of the more attractive plants on the ranch.  It has lush green foliage and its fall color is more splendid than the sycamores.  The Sunset Western Garden Book describes the leaves as divided into 3 leaflets the edges of which are scalloped, toothed or lobed.




Mule-Fat - Baccharis salicifolia mulflg.jpg (169525 bytes)Occurs under dry conditions in stream bank habitats.  Some sources say the species is limited to lower elevations however ours do fine at 3,500 ft..  It looses it foliage in the winter.


Yucca whipplei - yucca2.jpg (59825 bytes)These needle tipped plants are native to southern California mountains.  The flowering stems grow up to 14 ft. long.   The Indians used the course fiber from the foliage to produce baskets and even shoes.  This variety is also called the Mission Bell or Quixote plant.


Baby Blue Eyes - Nemophila mensiessii babyblue.jpg (5777 bytes)To 10 in. tall.  Blooms in the spring with a sky blue flower with whitish center.  Mostly in the cooler, shady areas on our ranch.


Clarkia - Clarkia rhomboidea clarklg.jpg (149793 bytes)Annual that grows in the cool season, blooming in the spring.  Ours show up in shady spots under the oaks and near the creek.  I try to hold off my springs weed whipping until they have gone to seed.


Sources include, Sunset New Western Garden Book, Bryan Dillow at   California Native Plants WebSite and UC Berkeley at



Since 1999