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Native American Relics

I'm creating these pages as a way to catalogue my collection and learn about point typology.  It's also the place where I'll be recording the notes I take while doing research on ancient America.  These points are not for sale though I am occasionally interested in purchasing old collections especially if they are personal finds. Personal recollections by the finder about the finding of the artifacts are definitely of interest to me. Many times the story is more interesting than the point itself.

Rob Horne

Historic Points
Pre-Columbian to modern times
Mississippian Points
400 B.P. to 1300 B.P.
Woodland Points
1300 B.P. to  3,000 B.P.
Late Archaic Points
3,000 B.P. to 5,000 B.P.
Mid Archaic Points
5,000 to 6,500 B.P.
Early Archaic Points
6,500 to 9,000 B.P.
Paleo Points
9,000 B.P. to 11,500 B.P.
Stone Tools - Celts, Net weights, Axes, Banner Stones
Dalton's Pendants & Gorgets
Ex-Stagecoach Lane Collection Ex-Stangland Collection Ex-Lillian Martel Collection Point Notes
Musical Instruments

Early Archaic Points
6,500 to 9,000 B.P.

Big Sandy
Early to late Archaic, 10,000 - 3,000 B.P.
L 2.47" W 1.26"

Description:  The red tint you see in photo #1 is heavy patina covered in dirt! Reverse has much less covering (side down for +9 millennium). Elongated triangular shape with a concave base. Maximum length is 6.35 cm (2 5/8"), max width is at ears 3.24 cm (1 1/4"), max thickness 0.7 cm (1/4"). Cross-section is plano-convex. Blade edges--looking directly at tip--is s-curvate. Blades very sharp. Tip shows use but is sharp. One of the earliest types of the side notched points. Found in northern extreme of normal sites, commonly found south of the Ohio river valley, all the way down the Mississippi.

Most artifacts from the Secrist collection show inscribed farm survey locations: S(outh)1/2 E(ast)1/2 N(orth)E(east) 1/4 S(ection)10 Twp (Township)2 SR12E (South of Range 12 East) WytCo  O (Wyandot County Ohio).   Date Found: between 1861-1930. There were 4 farms: 1) SE1/4....  2) S1/2....  3) W1/2.... 4) NE1/4.... .  W 1/2 is far-and-away the rarest! The first of the 2,000+ points in the Secrist/Secrist collection sold were in 2001, NONE BEFORE. Secrist gave-traded a few away in the 1910's. Seller unwrapped the forgotten points in 1998 on basement shelves after the death of the 4th generation. Now passed thru 5 generations of the Secrist family, stored in 1951 newspaper (Upper Sandusky) and cardboard boxes, full of dirt and sand.

Material:  High grade of Upper Mercer Coshocton Black Flint. Black with grey mottling.

Age:  Early Archaic period 8,000-6,000 BCE.   

Found:  Wm  Secrist Wyandot Co Wharton Ohio. Farm #  1.  Marked in a  blue/black India  ink:  SE 1/4   1899-1-14    
Grade:  9. No damage, prefect in size and workmanship.  OHS in Columbus archive scan Feb 2001" # 12.

Overstreet 10 p.350 - A small to medium size, side notched point with early forms showing heavy basal grinding, serrations and horizontal flaking. This type may be associated with the Frazier point, being an un-notched form. Some examples have been carbon dated to 10,000 B.P., but most are associated with mid archaic times.

Early Archaic, 7000 - 6000 B.P.
L 1 7/16" W 3/4"

Overstreet 10 p. 835 - The Southern portion of the southwestern states. A small/dark knife with serrated blade. The stem is short and rectangular to rounded. Shoulder are straight to obtuse and very small to non existent in relation to overall size of the point.

This point was reportedly found in Arizona

Collector's Grade w/Dual COA's
L 2 7/8" W 1 1/16"

Early Archaic period in the 8,500 B.P. range

A blue and cream Coshocton Dovetail found by Michael Renihan, spring 2005 in Hendricks Co., Indiana. This is a high-quality Dovetail made from a colorful, high-grade Coshocton flint. It is 2 7/8" in length and 1 1/16" wide. Nice secondary edge work and a very smooth feeling artifact. 

2005 Jackson Galleries COA & 2006 Davis Artifacts G-9 COA.

Midwestern to Eastern states. A medium to large size, broad, thin, elliptical, corner notched point with dovetail base. First stage forms are not beveled. Beveling on opposite sides of each face occurs during the re-sharpening process. The base is convex and most examples exhibit quality flaking. - Overstreet 10 p.474

Pictured in Ancient Indian Artifacts - Volume 2 - Page 126
by Jim Bennett


Early Archaic period in the 8,500 B.P. range
Clinton County, Ohio
L 1 7/8" W 1 7/16"

Jackson COA

Midwestern to Eastern states. A medium to large size, broad, thin, elliptical, corner notched point with dovetail base. First stage forms are not beveled. Beveling on opposite sides of each face occurs during the re-sharpening process. The base is convex and most examples exhibit quality flaking.  Overstreet 10 p.474

Graham Cave
Early to Mid Archaic, 9000 - 5000 B.P.
Found in Boone County Missouri by Jim Bruce
L 2.25" W 1.12"

Midwestern states. A medium to large size, narrow, side-notched point with recurved sides, pointed auricles and a concave base.  Rarely, examples have been found fully fluted. Similar to White River points found in Arkansas & Oklahoma. -
Overstreet 10 p.735

Early Archaic, 9000 - 6000 B.P.
L 3-1/15" W 1-1/8"
White Novaculite
South Arkansas

COA Dwain Rogers

Early Archaic, 9000 - 6000 B.P.
L 2"
Brown Chert
Lafayette County, Arkansas

Midwestern to Eastern states. A large size, well made triangular barbed point with an expanded base that is usually ground. Re-sharpened examples have one beveled edge on each face. - Overstreet 10 p. 408

Hardin Drill
Early Archaic, 9000 - 6000 B.P.
L 2.54" W .98"

Southeast Missouri by Gerald Lyne and purchased from his family at the estate auction. Gerald never bought or sold any artifact. His whole collection was personal finds.

Located everywhere. Although many drills where made from scratch, all points where made into the drill form. Usually heavily resharpened and broken points were salvaged and rechipped into drills.

Early Archaic
L 3-18" W 1-3/8"
Arkansas, Cotter Dolomite
Ex-Johnny Parnell, Ex-Tomas Payne collection

Midwestern states. A medium to large size lanceolate blade that is very well made. Shoulders are week to nonexistent. Bases can be knobbed to auriculate and are usually ground. Some examples have horizontal to oblique transverse flaking. Related to Dalton Sloan points. Overstreet 10 p. 748

Baker COA - G9

Humboldt Constricted Base Dart Point
Early to Mid Archaic, 7000 - 5000 B.P.
L 1.7" W .900" .250" thick
Gem quality Davis Creek translucent obsidian
Alturas California

Excurvate blade edges and base much narrower than the blade with delicate ears formed in line and proportion with the contours of the base and blade. Noel D. Justice

Used with atlatl dart foreshaft.

Great Basin states, especially Nevada. A small to medium size, narrow, lanceolate point with a constricted, concave, eared base. Some examples have faint shoulders. Parallel, oblique flaking occurs on many examples. - Overstreet 10 p. 1051

Johnson Point
From the early to middle Archaic period, 9000 - 5000 B.P.
Independence County, Arkansas
1.86" L x 1.14" W
From the Ex collection of Johnny Parnell

Mississippi to Oklahoma. A medium size, thick, well made, expanded stem point with a broad, short, concave base. Bases are usually thinned and grinding appears on some specimens. - Overstreet 10 p. 607

Baker COA - Grade: 8

Kamawaha Stemmed
Early Archaic, 8200 - 5000 B.P.

Description: Maximum length is 1 7/8" (4.55cm) [large for type], max width is at ears 1" (2.4cm), max thickness is a center ridge running from near tip to area just above ears 1/4" (0.64cm). Weight is 5 grams. Point is triangular in shape and blades are straight, sharp. Tip dull, impact, no patina (finders damage). Base has larger shoulders than most of this type, suggesting a larger point resharpened with diagnostic serration on edges. Well made with nice shape.

Material: Flint Ridge flint of a grey/blue color.

Age: Early Archaic 6,210 BCE +/- 100.

Found: Wm Segrist Wyandot Co Wharton Ohio (farm #1). Marked in a black India ink: E40 '62.

Grade: 6, tip chip. Dirt in fracture shelves, un-cleaned. OHS in Columbus archive scan Feb 2001" # 191-196.

Overstreet 10 p. 419 - West Virginia into Southeastern states. First identified at the St. Albans site, Kanawa Co., WVA. A small to medium size, fairly thick, shallowly-bifurcated stemmed point. The basal lobes are usually rounded, expanding and the shoulders tapered to horizontal and can turn towards the tip. Believed to be the ancestor to the Stanly type.

Kirk Corner Notched
Early to middle Archaic period, 9000 - 6000 B.P.
Carter Co., Kentucky
Ex - Connelly Collection
Material: Carter Cave
L 1 1/2" W 1 1/8"

Southeastern states. A medium to large size, corner notched point. Blade edges can be convex to recurved and are finely serrated on many examples. The base can be convex, concave, straight or auriculate. - Overstreet 10 p.420

Jackson COA



Kirk Stemmed-Bifurcated, Sonora
Early Archaic, 9000 - 7000 B.P.
L 1.68"  W 1.06

Highly Colorful and Collectible Sonora Chert with "bulls-eye". It was found in Fayette County, Kentucky. Ex- Sam Cox, and purchased from the personal collection of Monty & Judy Pennington

Southeastern to Eastern states. A medium to large size point with deep notches or fine serrations along the blade edges. The stem is parallel sided to expanded and is bifurcated. Believed to be an early form for the type which later developed into Stanly and other types. Some example have a steep bevel on the right side of each blade. - Overstreet 10 p.425

*A fair point with some ancient nicks, distinctive for it's bulls-eye which was reflected in the slightly higher price.


Early Archaic to Mid-Archaic, 10,000 - 5000 B.P.
L 4-1/16" W 15/16"
Dickson County, Tennessee
Fort Payne Chert
Ex-Arthur Smith collection
Sometimes referred to as a "Trans-Paleo" point.

Siberia to Alaska, Canada, Mexico, South America and across the U.S.. A large size narrow, thick, lanceolate blade with a rounded base. Some western examples are beveled on one side of each face. Flaking tends to be collateral and finer examples are thin in cross section. - Overstreet 10 p. 430

Baker COA

Nebo Hill
Early Archaic, 7500 - 6000 B.P.
L 4-1/8" W 1-1/16"
Schuyler County, Illinois
Burlington Chert
Ex Ed Armel Collection

Missouri & Kansas. A large size, narrow, thick, lanceolate blade with convex sides that gently taper to the base. On some examples, the basil area is determined by the presence of slight shoulders. Collateral flaking does occur on some examples. Overstreet 10 p. 766

Early Archaic, 9000 - 6000 B.P.
Whiteside County, Illinois
L 1.21" W .81

A small size, corner notched , triangular point with a ground concave, convex, or straight base. Many are serrated and large example would fall under the Pine Tree or Kirk type. -
Overstreet 10 p. 458

Better example from New York
L 1-1/2" W 3/4"

Pine Tree
Early Archaic, 8000 - 5000 B.P.
L 1.56 " W .91"
Mead Co. Kentucky

Southeastern States. A medium to large size, side notched, usually serrated point with parallel flaking to the center of the blade forming a medium ridge. The bases are ground and can be concave, convex, straight or auriculate. Developed from the earlier Greenbrier point. Smaller samples fall in the Palmer type- Overstreet 10 p. 464

Rice Lobbed / Possible MacCorkle
Early Archaic 9000 - 5000 B.P.
L 2.49"  W 1.67"
Ex-Stagecoach Lane Collection


Midwestern to Northwestern states. Medium to large bifurcated to lobbed base. Slight barb nicks. Overstreet 10 p.472



Early to Middle Archaic, 7000 - 5000 B.P.
Boone Chert
L 3.23" W 1.09"

From the collection of Johnny Parnell and is from in and around Independence county, Arkansas. A small to medium size, thin, lanceolate point with a squared hafting area that (usually) has concave sides and base which is ground. Many are serrated.

Baker COA - Grade: G8

Early Archaic, 8000 - 7500 B.P.

Illinois, Missouri, Nebraska northward. A small to medium size side-notched point with an auriculate base that is concave. Notching occurs close to the base and the shoulders are barbed. Bases are ground. - Overstreet 10 p.804

Unknown & Exhausted

Possible Meserve - Early Archaic, 9000 - 8500 B.P.
1" x 13/16"

Overstreet 10 p. 862

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Last Modified : 07/21/15 12:26 PM

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