The CreekBed Collection
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Antiquities, Artifacts, Art

An eclectic collection gathered by family members and the curators of the Collection



The CreekBed


Native American Relics

American Colonial

Asian Art

Civil War Relics


& Roman Artifacts

Misc. Collectibles


Paleolithic Neolithic Artifacts

"Old World"

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South Pacific Items


Cap Guns

Model Trains


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The Cuyamaca /

Mountain Cameras

Sherilton Valley  Weather Station


Native American Relics

I'm creating these pages as a way to catalogue my collection and learn about point typology.  It's also the place where I'll be recording the notes I take while doing research on ancient America.  These points are not for sale though I am occasionally interested in purchasing old collections especially if they are personal finds. Personal recollections by the finder about the finding of the artifacts are definitely of interest to me. Many times the story is more interesting than the point itself.

Rob Horne

Historic Points
Pre-Columbian to modern times
Mississippian Points
400 B.P. to 1300 B.P.
Woodland Points
1300 B.P. to  3,000 B.P.
Late Archaic Points
3,000 B.P. to 5,000 B.P.
Mid Archaic Points
5,000 to 6,500 B.P.
Early Archaic Points
6,500 to 9,000 B.P.
Paleo Points
9,000 B.P. to 11,500 B.P.
Stone Tools - Celts, Net weights, Axes, Banner Stones
Dalton's Pendants & Gorgets
Ex-Stagecoach Lane Collection Ex-Stangland Collection Ex-Lillian Martel Collection Point Notes
Musical Instruments

Stone Tools - Celts, Net weights, Axes, Banner Stones

Axe - 3/4 Groove
L 6.5" x W 2"

3/4 groove are deemed younger than full groove axes and were probably associated with the late Archaic to the Woodland periods. Celts are associated with the Woodland times through the Mississippian.

Axe - Full Groove
L 5.95" x W 2.44"

Full grooved axes are supposedly the oldest variety more associated with Archaic times. 3,000 BP to 10,500 BP.

Celt - Axe

3" long, 1 3/8" wide, found in Clay County, Missouri

Celt - Axe Bit
Celts are associated with the Woodland times through the Mississippian.

L 2.84" W 1.35"

Un-grooved axe used for small chopping jobs. The round end was tightly inserted into a hole chiseled into a wood or bone handle. Probably held into place with adhesive and tied as well.

Made of hardstone (the generic term used when the collector doesn't know the material).

Shows both polished and pecked surface. Pecking was done to shape stone tools with the use of a hammerstone. The craftsman would strike the target rock to shape its surface by removing little pecks of material. Then, with the use of sand, sandstone or some other abrasive material, the surface would be ground or sanded to the desired smoothness*

* Ancient Indian Artifacts - Volume 1 - Jim Bennett

Cone - Game Piece

 Length: 1 13/16",
Width: 1"
Material: Hematite
Origin: Estill County, Kentucky

Jackson COA

Net Weight
Columbian River

Marcus Hayes COA

Loafstone - Atlatl Weight
Estil County, Kentucky
L 1-5/16" W 7/8"

Jackson COA

Metate, Mortaros and Manos
Length: 20" x 11"
Material: Granite
Provenance: Found on private land in San Diego County, California by Catherine Horne of Descanso.

Metates typically consist of large stones with a smooth depression or bowl worn into the upper surface. The bowl is formed by the continual and long-term grinding of materials using a smooth hand-held stone (known as a mano).

Morteros are small divots in large slabs of rock that local Indians used to grind grains.

Close Up

Game Balls

Small round balls (3/8") made from clay. They frequently found at historic village sites and often called clay marbles because or their size. Occasionally you will find some with painted lines or other designs in faded paint on the exterior surfaces. Often found on historic village sites in Ohio, Indiana and Kentucky. *

* Ancient Indian Artifacts - Volume 1 - Jim Bennett

Classic to Historic, 700 - 200 B.P.
1.90"" Diameter
San Diego County/Sherilton Valley

Hand held milling tool. Broken

Grinding Tool
Classic to Historic, 700 - 200 B.P.
1.67" Diameter
San Diego County/Sherilton Valley
Found by Catherine Horne

Most likely a Mano variant, hand held tool with 3 worn flat spots probably used for milling small seeds and acorns.

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The Official Overstreet Indian Arrowhead Identification Online Database





Last Modified : 07/21/15 12:26 PM

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